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2012届高中英语总复习 part1 M8-Unit 2 The universal language课件 牛津译林版 新课标
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1、Unit 2The universal language/重点单词/【1】 part n/ 零件,部分;节,段;职责,作用;角色;台词v/ (使)分开,(使)分离 Parts of the book are interesting/ 这本书有几部分很有意思。 Thats a radio serial in ten parts/ 那是一部10集的广播连续剧。 If everyone does his part/ the project will surely be a success/ 如果大家都尽责,这个项目肯定会成功。 What part did you play? 你演什么角色? Her

2、lips were parted in a half smile/ 她张开嘴微微一笑。/in part 在某种程度上 take part in 参与 play a part in 起作用 partly adv/ 部分地;不完全地;在一定程度上 The companys problems are partly due to bad management/ 该公司的问题部分是由于管理不善造成的。/拓展/知识运用/The most important thing about cotton in history is _ part that it played in _ Industrial Revo

3、lution/ A/;/ B/ the;/C/ the/ the D/ a/ the This accident was due _ to my own carelessness/ A/ part of B/ in partC/ in a part D/ part It is clear that the whole world is passing through a social revolution in which a central _ must be taken by scientists and technologists/ A/ process B/ attention C/

4、measure D/ part/C受play apart in的影响易选D/ part被一个定语从句 (that it played)修饰,应为特指,故用定冠词the/ Industrial Revolution(工业***)为专有名词,习惯上其前要加the。 Bin part 在某种程度上。 D4个选项中只有part能够成“参加者”。句意为“显然,整个世界正经历着一场社会***;科学家和技术人员必定是这场***的主要参加者”。/答案/【2】 desire vt/ 要求,期望 n欲望,要求 I desire only to be left in peace/ 我只渴望处于和平之中。 The hote

5、l had everything you could possibly desire/ 这家宾馆有你希望有的一切东西。/重点单词/desire to do sth/ 渴望做 desire sb/ to do sth/ 渴望某人做 What does Her Ladyship desire me to do/desire of me? 夫人想要我做什么? desire that sb/ (should) do 渴望某人做(用虚拟语气) have a desire to do sth//for sth/ 渴望做某事/得到某物 She had a burning/strong desire to g

6、o back to her home country before she died/ 她强烈地渴望在死前回到祖国。 have no desire to do 不想做/拓展/知识运用/David has won the first prize in singing/ he is still very excited now and feels _ desire to go to bed/ A/ the most B/ more C/ worse D/ the least/D后半句句意:David没有一点想睡的欲望。/解析/【3】辨析voyage/ journey/ trip/ tour/ tr

7、avel (1) voyage指不论路程长短的水上或空中的旅行。 The Titanic sank on its maiden voyage/ 泰坦尼克号首航便沉没了。 (2) journey一般指时间和距离都较长的陆路旅行,带有一定的目的,不含有回到原出发地的意思。 They went on a long train journey across India/ 他们乘火车作了一次横跨印度的长途旅行。/重点单词/(3) trip指短时间的旅行,常回到原出发地。 We went on a trip to the mountains/ 我们到山里去旅游了。 (4) tour指周游或巡回旅行,常常是

8、访问一系列地方后又回到原出发地,强调观光性质;短途旅行。 a walking/sightseeing tour 徒步/观光旅行 (5) travel泛指旅行这一行为过程。指具体的旅行时常用复数,用单数一般表示旅行的抽象概念。 The post involves a considerable amount of foreign travel/ 这一职务要求经常出差去国外。/重点单词/知识运用/用voyage/ journey/ trip/ tour或travel填空 His parents are on a _ by ship now/ He made a _ around the Greek

9、Island/ _ in the mountains can be slow and dangerous/ Did you go to Paris during your _?/voyage trip/tour Travelling journey/答案/【4】 decline v拒绝,谢绝,减少,衰退 n衰退 His interest in the project declined after his wife died/ 在妻子死后,他对这个项目的兴趣减少了。 I invited him to the meeting but he declined/ 我邀请他参加会议,但他拒绝了。 dec

10、line to do sth/ 谢绝做某事 They declined to tell me how they had got my address/ 他们拒绝告诉我他们是怎样获得我的地址的。 She seemed to be recovering and then she went into a decline/ 她好像在康复,后来身体又垮下去了。/重点单词/知识运用/There has been _ in the population of the town/ 这个小镇的人口正在逐渐减少。 He _ my question/ 他拒绝回答我的问题。/a gradual decline dec

11、lined to answer/答案/【5】 terrify vt/ 恐吓,使感到恐怖,吓唬,常用于被动语态,可与介词by/ at/ of/ into连用。 He terrified his children with ghost stories/ 他讲鬼故事吓坏了他的孩子。 Jack was terrified at the thought of parachuting/ 杰克一想起跳伞就吓得要命。/重点单词/terrible adj/ 可怕的 terribly adv/可怕地 terrifying adj/ 可怕的,极大的 terror n/ 恐怖,恐怖活动,引起恐怖的人事 terrori

12、sm n/ 恐怖主义 terrorist n/ 恐怖主义者,*** be terrified of 非常害怕 be terrified at 因而吓一跳/拓展/scared/ frightened/ afraid与terrified 四者意义相同,terrified语气最强,frightened次之,afraid 第三,scared语气最弱,afraid接of或不定式短语。/辨析/知识运用/It _ me to think the consequence of your action/ A/ risked B/ charged C/ terrified D/ threatened We we

13、re _ that the bridge would collapse/ I felt a little _ when it took off/ The girl was _ by the frightening dog/ Shes _ of a snake//C句意:想到你行动的后果,我就感到害怕。terrify 和 threaten两个词均有“威胁,恐吓”之意。但terrify意为“使害怕,使恐惧”;threaten则侧重于扬言要对不服从者给予惩罚。 terrified scared frightened afraid/解析/【6】 marriage n/ 结婚,婚姻 They have

14、a very happy marriage/ 他们的婚姻非常美满。/重点单词/marry vt/ 成婚,结婚 get married 结婚 be married to sb/ 和某人结婚 marry sb/ to sb/ 把某人嫁给某人/拓展/知识运用/威廉和露西已经结婚3年了。 _/William and Lucy have been married for 3 years//答案/【7】 dare v/ 敢,敢于,胆敢 (1) 通常与一般动词一样构成否定式和疑问式,后接带to的动词不定式,最常用于否定句中。肯定句中常用not be afraid代替。 I didnt dare to ask

15、/ 我不敢问。 He wont dare to break his promise/ 他不敢食言。 (2)作情态动词,尤用于现在时否定式,后接不带to的动词不定式。 I darent tell her the truth/ 我不敢对她说实话。/重点单词/I dare say 我敢说/我相信 How dare you 你竟敢/你怎么敢/拓展/知识运用/我不敢进那座房子。 _ 你竟敢那样做! _/I didnt dare to go into the house/ How dare you do that!/答案/【8】 tremble vi/ 颤抖,发抖 n/ 战栗,颤抖 Her voice t

16、rembled with excitement/ 她激动得声音颤抖。 Betty trembled in the cold winter badly/ 寒冬里,贝蒂抖得很厉害。 He told us in a tremble about his experience in the forest last Sunday/ 他用颤抖的声音给我们讲述了他上周日在森林里的经历。/重点单词/tremble/ shake/ quake tremble 指人因恐惧、慌乱、害怕、兴奋或其他无法抑 制的***而发抖,哆嗦。 shake 表颤动,抖动,既可指人也可指物。 The whole house shakes

17、 when a train goes past/ 火车驶过来,整座房子都晃悠起来。 quake表物体从内部发出的强烈震动。 The ground quaked as the bomb exploded/ ******时,地面都震动了。/辨析/知识运用/Her hands _ with excitement at the good news/ The whole city was _ by the news of the crash/ The earth under our feet suddenly began to _//trembled shaken quake/答案/【1】 exercise

18、 control over 对实施控制;控制 We should think of a way to exercise control over our expenses/ 我们应当想出办法来控制费用。/重点短语/lose control of/ be/get out of control 失去控制 be in control of sth/ 在的控制下;指挥,管理某事物 under the control of 被控制着 in charge of 控制(参见M1U2) bring/get sth/ under control/ be under control 抑制;控制 exercise

19、patience/tolerance/power over sb/ 对某人用耐心/忍耐力/权力 exercise ones right 行使某人的权力 The new mayor wanted to exercise his right to stop the water pollution/ 新市长想要行使他的权力阻止水污染。/拓展/知识运用/The pilot _ the plane/ 飞行员失去了对飞机的控制。 She managed to _ her car on the ice/ 她在冰上控制住了她的车。/lost control of exercise control over/答

20、案/【2】be drunk with 陶醉于,由于而忘乎所以 He was still drunk with success/ 他仍然陶醉于成功的喜悦中。/重点短语/as drunk as a fish/piper 酩酊大醉 be on a drunk 喝醉 blind/dead drunk 烂醉 drink oneself drunk 喝到醉/拓展/知识运用/As the teenagers are easily _ with Internet games/ its necessary to make a limit to them/ A/ frozen B/ absorbed C/ inv

21、olved D/ drunk/Dbe drunk with意为“沉迷于”;be frozen with意为“因而僵住”;be absorbed in意为“专注于”;be involved in意为“参与,卷入”。根据搭配及句意判断选D项。/解析/【1】 Just imagine performing such an opera in the Forbidden City there could not be a better setting! 试想在紫禁城上演这样一部戏剧这样的背景再好不过了。 当cant (couldnt) 与形容词的比较级形式连用时,往往不在于否定谓语动词,而是在于加强全句

22、的语气,此外,cant (couldnt) 的习惯用法也常具有特殊的强调功能。否定词never/ no/ not/ nothing等与比较级连用时,往往表达最高级含义。/疑难句型/Nothing in the world is more pretty than that same species of defense/ 世上再没有比这种防卫更漂亮的技巧了。 I have never seen a man more hardworking than he/ 我从来也没看见过像他这样勤奋的人。/疑难句型/cant/can nevertoo/enough表示“越越好;无论怎样也不过分”。 We ca

23、nt thank him enough/ 我们无论怎样感谢他也不过分。 You cannot be too careful(You can never be careful enough) to do your homework/ 你做作业越仔细越好(无论怎样仔细也不过分)。/拓展/知识运用/How much _ she looked without her long hair! A/ well B/ good C/ best D/ better/D句意:不留长发她看起来更好看。否定词without与better比较级连用,加强全句的语气。/解析/【2】 Then Calaf says his own name aloud/ leaving his future in Turandots hands/ 卡拉夫接着大声说出自己的名字,把未来交到了图兰朵的手中。 句中leaving his f

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